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APA Citation and Format

Learn how to cite and format your papers according to APA.

APA Style, 7th edition

APA Style, 7th edition

The Introduction to the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association provides a more detailed summary. 

These are the chapters with important changes for students and faculty:

  • Paper Formatting (Chapter 2):  New student title page, simplified Running Head, and updated formats for Headings.
  • Writing Style and Grammar (Chapter 4):  The manual now advises the pronoun “they” for a person whose gender is unknown or irrelevant.
  • Bias-Free Language (Chapter 5):  Updates guidelines for writing about “age, disability, gender, racial and ethnic identity, and sexual orientation.”
  • Mechanics of Style (Chapter 6): Minor changes to punctuation, spacing, and capitalization.
  • Tables and Figures (Chapter 7): Updated guidelines for presenting data in tables and figures.
  • In-Text Citations (Chapter 8):   All sources with three or more authors are now attributed using the name of the first author followed by “et al.”
  • Reference List (Chapter 9): New guidelines for using DOIs and URLs 

APA Sample Student Paper, 7th edition